What is Alphalan 5 mg Tablet ?
Alphalan 5 mg manufactured by Natco contains “Melphalan” as active ingredient. This medicine comes in tablet form that you take by mouth. Treatment with Alphalan should be started and supervised by a doctor who has experience with anticancer treatments.
When is Alphalan 5 mg Tablet prescribed ?
Alphalan (Melphalan) is used to treat multiple myeloma (a type of cancer of the bone marrow). It is also indicated to treat a certain type of ovarian cancer (cancer that begins in the female reproductive organs where eggs are formed).
How Does Alphalan (Melphalan) Tablet Work ?
Melphalan belongs to the group of medicines called alkylating agents. It works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells in your body. This reduces the number of cancer cells or unwanted blood cells.
What are the adverse effects of Alphalan 5 mg Tablets ?
Alphalan may cause some side effects. Most side effects from this cancer medicine are common, but a few can be serious. Each person’s reaction to treatment is different. Some people have very few side effects, while others may experience more. The following is a list of possible side-effects that may occur in medicines that contain Melphalan :
Common Side Effects of Alphalan Tablets : Diarrhea ; Hair Loss ; Fever or chills ; Skin rash or itching ; Joint pain ; Difficulty swallowing ; Swelling of the feet or lower legs ; Vomiting etc.
Serious Side Effects of Alphalan Tablets : Blood in urine or stools ; Pinpoint red spots on skin ; Fast or irregular heart beat ; Troubled breathing ; Unusual bleeding or bruising ; Redness and/or soreness in arm or leg ; Sores in the mouth and on the lips ; Painful or difficult urination, accompanied by fever or chills etc.
Not all side effects are listed above. However, you should always inform your health care provider if you experience any unusual symptoms with Melphalan 5mg.
What are the safety measures of Alphalan 5 mg ?
Before Taking Alphalan oncology drug, it is important to understand all precautions or safety information associated with it. You need to remember certain points such as –
|It is important that you do not get pregnant or father a child while you are taking Melphalan. Make sure you have discussed with your doctor which types of contraception are suitable for you and your partner. If you would like to have children in the future, you should ask your doctor for advice about family planning before you begin taking Alphalan.|
|For the safety of baby, it is recommended that women who are receiving Alphalan cancer medicine after pregnancy, stop or not start breastfeeding. This medicine may appear in high levels in breast milk and could potentially harm your nursing baby.|
|You will need to have regular blood tests and check-ups during your treatment with Alphalan. Blood tests help doctors check for certain diseases and conditions. They also help check the function of your organs and show how well treatment is working.|
|Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. This medicine is not recommended for use in patients with a known allergy to Melphalan 5 mg Tablets.|
|In general, drinking alcoholic beverages should be kept to a minimum or avoided completely. If you are dependent on alcohol and want to stop drinking, your doctor can recommend a therapy that’s tailored for your needs.|
|Before using Alphalan Tablet, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any prescription or non-prescription drugs (e.g. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc.), so that your pharmacist can help you prevent or manage drug interactions.|
|If you miss a dose of Alphalan 5mg, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. If it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your dosing schedule. Do not use extra dose to make up for a missed dose. Please consult your doctor to discuss changes in your dosing schedule or a new schedule to make up for missed doses, if you have missed too many doses recently.|
|Taking a single dose of expired medicine is unlikely to produce an adverse event. Expired drug may become ineffective in treating your prescribed conditions. To be on the safe side, it is important not to use expired drug. If you’ve had a medicine for a while, check the expiry date before using it. If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.|
|Before using Alphalan, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of : kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); liver disease; hiv, mental illness or depression; hepatitis etc.|
What are the storage instructions for Alphalan 5 mg?
Patients must properly store the drug to retain its quality and efficacy. Following storage instructions will be helpful in storing the drug in the best of manner.
- Store Melphalan at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)
• Keep Alphalan tablets in the original bottle with the label attached and the child-resistant cap secured.
• Consider storing your medications separately from your other family members. This will make it less likely that you take the wrong ones by mistake.
• Do not use it if the original seal over the container opening is broken or missing.
• If you’re driving, you may want to have certain medicines at hand, but don’t store them in the glove compartment, where they could be damaged from the heat, cold, or rain outside or from the car’s heater or air conditioner.
• Store it in a cool and dry place. Improper storage can affect the effectiveness and shelf life of your medicine.
The information provided here is for general educational purposes only and does not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children and away from pets, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.